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  25. Kid-approved vegan eats
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  28. Amazing Vegan Ginger Molasses Cookies
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  100. What is CPR?
  101. What Is Dementia? Symptoms, Types, and Diagnosis
  102. Cushing Syndrome (For Parents)
  103. Do Memory Problems Always Mean Alzheimers Disease?
  104. Manganese
  105. Study Shows that Disrupted Gut Bacteria May Contribute to the Spread of Breast Cancer
  106. She Faced Breast Cancer At 16 With Little Help From Doctors. Now She’s Speaking Out On Behalf Of Black Women
  107. What Do We Know About Healthy Aging?
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  110. Study Shows Music Eases Pain and Other Symptoms for Patients Undergoing Breast Cancer Treatment
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Tuesday, January 28, 2020
  1. 5-Ingredient Peanut Butter Chia Balls
  2. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan: Week of 01-25-2020
  3. Can neurogastronomy save the world?
  4. Healthy Tuna Noodle Casserole
  5. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan: 01-18-2020
  6. Pantry 2020 Basics
  7. Top 10 Tips for Cooking Dried Legumes
  8. What I Ate Wednesday + Day In the Life
  9. Brussels Sprout Kale Caesar Salad with Rosemary Croutons
  10. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan: Week of 01-11-2020
  11. Eat for your Dosha
  12. Keep it Moving
  13. No-Bake Chocolate Almond Butter Oatmeal Bars
  14. Apple Cider Vinegar for Digestion
  15. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan: Week of 01-04-2020
  16. Mediterranean Vegetable Pasta with Chickpeas
  17. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan: Week of 12-28-2019
  18. Get Well, Not High
  19. 21 Fabulously Festive Vegan Holiday Treats
  20. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan: Week of 12-21-2019
  21. Vegan Lasagna Soup
  22. Sweet Potato Rounds with Goat Cheese, Roasted Grapes, and Pecans
  23. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan: Week of 12-14-2019
  24. Vegan Peanut Butter Cup Cookies (Gluten-Free!)
  25. Kid-approved vegan eats
  26. Fudgy Avocado Walnut Brownies
  27. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan: Week of 12-07-2019
  28. Amazing Vegan Ginger Molasses Cookies
  29. 2019 Holiday Gift Guide For Her
  30. Herbal Inclusions for Dishes and Drinks
  31. 4 Diabetes Game Changers
  32. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan: Week of 11-30-2019
  33. Instant Pot Mashed Potatoes with Garlic and Cream Cheese
  34. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan: Week of 11-23-2019
  35. Wedding Planning: The Ring, Our Vendors, and More!
  36. Instant Pot Vegan Cream of Mushroom and Wild Rice Soup
  37. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan: Week of 11-16-2019
  38. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan: Week of 10-26-2019
  39. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan: Week of 11-02-2019
  40. Roasted Potato, Mushroom, and Lentil Kale Salad
  41. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan: Week of 11-09-2019
  42. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan
  43. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan
  44. What I Wednesday: FNCE in Philly!
  45. Potato, Mushroom, and Lentil Kale Salad
  46. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan
  47. Unearthing Evidence-Based Integrative Remedies to Stress
  48. Scribble Anxiety Away
  49. Best Hostess Gift Ever
  50. What I Ate Wednesday: Fiancé Edition!
  51. Pumpkin Walnut Burgers with Chipotle Yogurt Sauce
  52. Favorite Fluffy Whole Wheat Pancakes
  53. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan
  54. Vegan Chili Cornbread Casserole
  55. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan
  56. Orca Conservation
  57. Fall’s Functional Foods
  58. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan
  59. Healthy Pumpkin Cheesecake Dip
  60. Simple Swaps for Your Zero Waste Journey
  61. Lessons on Food and Farming in Monterey, California
  62. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan
  63. Quick and Easy-One Pan Veggie Red Curry
  64. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan: Week of 09-21-2019
  65. Here’s How to Live a more Colourful Life
  66. Cooking with CBD
  67. Eco-friendly Food Storage
  68. Bento Box Recipes
  69. How to Make Sushi Sandwich
  70. Healthy Vegan Buffalo Cauliflower Dip
  71. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan: Week of 09-14-2019
  72. 5 lunchbox ideas
  73. 17 Free and Easy Ways to Be a Self-Care Expert
  74. Fluffy Vegan Pumpkin Muffins
  75. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan: Week of 09-07-2019
  76. 33 Mouthwatering Healthy Vegetarian Recipes for Dinner Tonight
  77. What I Ate Wednesday
  78. The Best Apple Cider Vinegar Salad Dressing
  79. VOTE TODAY!
  80. Veggie Stir Fry with Peanut Sauce
  81. Twilight Time: Reading With Kids
  82. Keep your cool
  83. Tart Cherry Crumble Pie
  84. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan
  85. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan
  86. Your brain on… air pollution?
  87. Brain Boosters
  88. MCT oil Coconut’s healthful gift
  89. Hot right now
  90. Cupcakes for breakfast?
  91. Vegan Chocolate Zucchini Muffins
  92. What is CBD? A Guide to Health Benefits, Usage, and More!
  93. Healthy Vegetarian Meal Plan
  94. Hummus Toast – 4 Ways!
  95. What I Ate Wednesday
  96. Fluffy Vegan Blueberry Banana Muffins
  97. Advances in Colorectal Cancer Research
  98. Advances in Breast Cancer Research
  99. Cleft Palate With Cleft Lip
  100. What is CPR?
  101. What Is Dementia? Symptoms, Types, and Diagnosis
  102. Cushing Syndrome (For Parents)
  103. Do Memory Problems Always Mean Alzheimers Disease?
  104. Manganese
  105. Study Shows that Disrupted Gut Bacteria May Contribute to the Spread of Breast Cancer
  106. She Faced Breast Cancer At 16 With Little Help From Doctors. Now She’s Speaking Out On Behalf Of Black Women
  107. What Do We Know About Healthy Aging?
  108. Participating in the Arts Creates Paths to Healthy Aging
  109. Setting Goals to be More Active Slows Memory Decline in Older African Americans
  110. Study Shows Music Eases Pain and Other Symptoms for Patients Undergoing Breast Cancer Treatment
  111. 49-Year-Old Breast Cancer Patient Grateful She Didn’t Wait Until 50 for a Mammogram
  112. Teen’s Innovative “SMART Armour” Protects Breast Cancer Patients from Radiation
  113. New Drug Improves 3-Year Survival by 50% for Young Women with Stage IV Breast Cancer
  114. Young Mother’s Life Tragically Taken by Breast Cancer After She Refused Traditional Treatments
  115. NIH Study Tracks Exercise with Mobile Apps to Improve Heart Health
  116. Lion With Skin Cancer Has Received Radiation Therapy In Hospital
  117. 3rd Grader Writes Note for Teacher Battling Breast Cancer to Read Right Before Treatment
  118. Skin Care
  119. Have Back Pain? These Are the Basic Spinal Structures You Need to Know
  120. The Final Word on Whether Alcohol Actually Has Any Health Benefits
  121. New One-Time “Seed” Treatment for Breast Cancer Being Used in Philadelphia
  122. Julia Louis-Dreyfus Talks About The Side Effects of Chemotherapy
  123. Teacher on Leave for Breast Cancer Treatment Forced to Pay for Her Own Substitute
  124. 27-Year-Old Thought She Was Injured Falling Off A Horse, But Then She Learned She Had Breast Cancer
  125. Should Surgery And Radiation Be The Standard Treatment For DCIS? The COMET Study Is Finding Out
  126. Judge Rules That 3-Year-Old Child With Leukemia Must Get Chemo Against Parents’ Wishes
  127. This Charcoal Powder Drastically Whitens Teeth Without Any Chemicals
  128. These Black Cherry-Flavored Shots Help Accelerate Weight Loss
  129. Olivia Newton-John Talks About How She Stays Positive Amid Cancer Battle
  130. This Army Captain Mom Was Diagnosed with Breast Cancer When She Was Just 8 Weeks Pregnant
  131. High-Deductible Health Plans Linked to Delayed Diagnosis and Treatment of Breast Cancer
  132. Antibiotic shortages are putting Aboriginal kids at risk – The Conversation AU
  133. Cuddle beds bringing some physical comfort to end-of-life patients – ABC News
  134. People who skip breakfast are five times more likely to die after a heart attack – Daily Mail
  135. Yale researchers revive cells in dead pig brains – Yale Daily News
  136. Scientists revive cellular activity in brain of dead pigs: report – Fox News
  137. High-Deductible Health Policies Linked To Delayed Diagnosis And Treatment – NPR
  138. After Breast Cancer Diagnosis, Technology Professor Teaches Computers to Read Mammograms
  139. Fact or Fiction: What to Know About Smoking Cessation and Medications
  140. If Soap and Water Are Not Available, Hand Sanitizers May Be a Good Alternative
  141. Autism: Beware of Potentially Dangerous Therapies and Products
  142. One side of your brain might be giving you nightmares – Cosmos
  143. What Personality Tests Tell Us About Ourselves – NPR
  144. Having a resting heart rate of 75 beats per minute DOUBLES your risk of an early death – Daily Mail
  145. Wear protective goggles to play badminton
  146. Herbal drug kratom linked to almost 100 overdose deaths, CDC says – USA TODAY
  147. Ability to lift weights quickly can mean a longer life – EurekAlert
  148. Climate change is making allergy season worse – CNN
  149. 11 Unexpected Ways You Can Relieve Headaches – HuffPost
  150. New Jersey preschoolers have highest autism rates in the nation, researchers say
  151. Auburn gymnast who suffered severe injuries: My pain is not your entertainment
  152. A four-day work week could improve our health and cut carbon emissions
  153. Promising treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome fails large trial

Dementia is the loss of cognitive functioning—thinking, remembering, and reasoning—and behavioral abilities to such an extent that it interferes with a person’s daily life and activities. These functions include memory, language skills, visual perception, problem solving, self-management, and the ability to focus and pay attention. Some people with dementia cannot control their emotions, and their personalities may change. Dementia ranges in severity from the mildest stage, when it is just beginning to affect a person’s functioning, to the most severe stage, when the person must depend completely on others for basic activities of living.

Older woman with glasses wearing a sariSigns and symptoms of dementia result when once-healthy neurons (nerve cells) in the brain stop working, lose connections with other brain cells, and die. While everyone loses some neurons as they age, people with dementia experience far greater loss.

While dementia is more common as people grow older (up to half of all people age 85 or older may have some form of dementia), it is not a normal part of aging. Many people live into their 90s and beyond without any signs of dementia. One type of dementia, frontotemporal disorders, is more common in middle-aged than older adults.

The causes of dementia can vary, depending on the types of brain changes that may be taking place. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia in older adults. Other dementias include Lewy body dementia, frontotemporal disorders, and vascular dementia. It is common for people to have mixed dementia—a combination of two or more types of dementia. For example, some people have both Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia.

What are the Different Types of Dementia?

Hispanic man with dementia sitting in a parkVarious disorders and factors contribute to the development of dementia. Neurodegenerative disorders result in a progressive and irreversible loss of neurons and brain functioning. Currently, there are no cures for these types of disorders. They include:

Other types of progressive brain disease include:

Other conditions that cause dementia-like symptoms can be halted or even reversed with treatment. For example, normal pressure hydrocephalus, an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain, often resolves with treatment.

In addition, certain medical conditions can cause serious memory problems that resemble dementia. These problems should go away once the conditions are treated. These conditions include:

  • Side effects of certain medicines
  • Emotional problems, such as stress, anxiety, or depression
  • Certain vitamin deficiencies
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Blood clots, tumors, or infections in the brain
  • Delirium
  • Head injury, such as a concussion from a fall or accident
  • Thyroid, kidney, or liver problems

Doctors have identified many other conditions that can cause dementia or dementia-like symptoms. These conditions include:

The overlap in symptoms of various dementias can make it hard to get an accurate diagnosis. But a proper diagnosis is important to get the right treatment. Seek help from a neurologist—a doctor who specializes in disorders of the brain and nervous system—or other medical specialist who knows about dementia.

How is Dementia Diagnosed?

Doctor studying brain scansTo diagnose dementia, doctors first assess whether a person has an underlying treatable condition such as abnormal thyroid function, normal pressure hydrocephalus, or a vitamin deficiency that may relate to cognitive difficulties. Early detection of symptoms is important, as some causes can be treated. In many cases, the specific type of dementia a person has may not be confirmed until after the person has died and the brain is examined.

A medical assessment for dementia generally includes:

  • Medical history. Typical questions about a person’s medical and family history might include asking about whether dementia runs in the family, how and when symptoms began, changes in behavior and personality, and if the person is taking certain medications that might cause or worsen symptoms.
  • Physical exam. Measuring blood pressure and other vital signs may help physicians detect conditions that might cause or occur with dementia. Some conditions may be treatable.
  • Neurological tests. Assessing balance, sensory response, reflexes, and other cognitive functions helps identify conditions that may affect the diagnosis or are treatable with drugs.

What Tests are Used to Diagnose Dementia?

The following procedures also may be used to diagnose dementia:

  • Cognitive and neuropsychological tests. These tests are used to assess memory, problem solving, language skills, math skills, and other abilities related to mental functioning.
  • Laboratory tests. Testing a person’s blood and other fluids , as well as checking levels of various chemicals, hormones, and vitamins, can help find or rule out possible causes of symptoms.
  • Brain scans. These tests can identify strokes, tumors, and other problems that can cause dementia. Scans also identify changes in the brain’s structure and function. The most common scans are:

    • Computed tomography (CT), which uses x rays to produce images of the brain and other organs
    • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce detailed images of body structures, including tissues, organs, bones, and nerves
    • Positron emission tomography (PET), which uses radiation to provide pictures of brain activity
  • Psychiatric evaluation. This evaluation will help determine if depression or another mental health condition is causing or contributing to a person’s symptoms.
  • Genetic tests. Some dementias are caused by a known gene defect. In these cases, a genetic test can help people know if they are at risk for dementia. It is important to talk with a genetic counselor before and after getting tested, along with family members and the doctor.

NIA Alzheimer’s and related Dementias Education and Referral (ADEAR) Center
1-800-438-4380 (toll-free)
adear@nia.nih.gov
www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers
The National Institute on Aging’s ADEAR Center offers information and free print publications about Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias for families, caregivers, and health professionals. ADEAR Center staff answer telephone, email, and written requests and make referrals to local and national resources.

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